Tuesday, June 14, 2016

The Ugly Bug Ball (Disney Song)

Hello Grafted In Readers,

Info for this post comes from the health site, medscape.com. Topic is insect repellents. Now you got the reason behind the post title!
Personal notes about life follow post:
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With summer upon us now and the Zika virus spreading via mosquitos, which insect repellents work best and which are appropriate for pregnant women and children?

Response from Philip J. Gregory, PharmD
Associate Professor, Pharmacy Practice, Center for Drug Information & Evidence-Based Practice, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska
The Zika virus was detected in Brazil in May 2015, and by February 2016, Zika infection was declared an international public health emergency by the World Health Organization.
The Zika virus is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected Aedes species mosquitoes. For most people, symptoms of infection are mild and include rash, fever, joint pain, and conjunctivitis. Symptoms typically last for up to a week. Zika virus infection during pregnancy is much more serious. It can cause life-threatening fetal birth defects, including microcephaly and other serious brain and eye defects.[1]
The best approach to preventing Zika virus infection is to minimize mosquito bites. Common-sense measures to reduce bites include wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants and keeping windows closed or screened to prevent mosquitoes from entering the home.
EPA-registered mosquito repellents. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends using an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered mosquito repellent (Table). These repellents have been shown to be safe and effective and also are considered safe in pregnant and breastfeeding women. In addition, most of them are considered safe for children 2 months of age or older. Lemon eucalyptus oil products are typically not recommended for use in children younger than 3 years.[2-4] For children under 2 months of age, an infant carrier can be covered with netting to shield against mosquitoes.[3] In Canada, the use of picaridin products in children under 6 months of age is not recommended.[5]
Table. EPA-Registered Mosquito Repellents
Ingredient
Product(s)*
Duration of Effect
Special Considerations/Comments
DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide)
OFF! Deep Woods® Insect Repellent;
Repel® 100 Insect Repellent

30% concentration should provide protection for 6 hours

20%-23.8% concentration provides 4-5 hours of protection

6.65%-10% concentration provides about 1-3 hours of protection

Concentrations over 50% offer no additional benefit

Controlled-release products might offer a longer duration of protection even with lower concentrations
Safe for children 2 months of age and older. Children should use products containing 10%-30% DEET concentrations. Do not apply to children's hands or around eyes.
Picaridin
Avon Skin-So-Soft™
Bug Guard Plus Picaridin

20% concentration provides protection for up to 7 hours

10% products provide protection for up to 5 hours
Known as icaridin in Canada. Canada recommends against use in children under 6 months.
IR3535 (Ethyl butylacetylaminopropionate)
Avon Skin-So-Soft™
Bug Guard Plus IR3535®

7.5% concentration provides about 10-60 minutes of protection
Safe for children 2 months of age and older.
Lemon eucalyptus oil (para-menthane-diol)
Cutter® Lemon
Eucalyptus Insect Repellent; Repel®
Lemon Eucalyptus Insect Repellent

Protection for up to 2 hours
Lemon eucalyptus oil is not recommended for children younger than 3 years.
*Products are representative examples; this is not a complete list.
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I did not know there is a separate category for Environmental Protection Agency recommended repellents. I learned too!

Current Book: Part of me is traveling back to my teenage years as I read, "Guitar Notes" by Mary Mato. The main characters are three high school students who are all interested in music. Changes come about as two of the three exchange notes about their craft and life experience via a shared practice room schedule. The third character is a girl who reminds me of a typical adolescent of that gender.

*******Big News
I was informed by the editor of The Flash Fiction Press, that my short story, "Not This Place" will be featured in their online edition on August 9, 2016.
I will remind you again when time gets closer.
www.theflashfictionpress.org

-Yes, in terms of current events, the horrific situation of over 100 persons killed/injured this past weekend in Orlando, Florida, by a "deranged person" "terrorist" is the media buzz of the moment. Looking at the Facebook Newsfeed earlier today, nonverbally encouraged shut off the damn news and live your life!

Until next visit, Kevod Yeheveh, His presence is enabling.

Mellow Roc